Tutorial on Wine: Gallium 9, possibly doubling your framerate

Wine is a great system to running programs, but there are many alternatives in Linux. The biggest thing people use wine for is games and the most common complain about games running under the WINE compatibility layer is performance. Naturally, most people would default to the propriety drivers to try to optimise performance, which has been the case for a long time until…

Gallium Nine, demonstrating increased performance for Direct3D 9. 

To install

Install the mesa OIBAF PPA and Patched gallium wine PPA

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:oibaf/graphics-drivers
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:oibaf/gallium-nine
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:commendsarnex/winedri3 
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade && sudo apt-get install wine1.9


sudo apt-get install mesa-vdpau-drivers

You will need to specify to use open source drivers.


Edit Registry in Wine

Fortunately this can be done on a GUI. Run winecfg Select the Graphics tab In the 3D Acceleration group select “Prefer native Direct3D 9”


As shown, this can be done on PlayOnLinux by setting the version of wine to System.

The option will not appear if your version of wine is not patched.


I would recommend that those using ATI/Intel drivers consider using the Gallium 3D drivers as the open source drivers are often more stable than the propriety options. As for NVIDIA cards, I recommend weighing the benefits before making the switch. Not having the latest NVIDIA propriety drivers may conflict with some games on Steam.

Update: Rendering Issue Fixes

You may have to add the following parameter which may fix some rendering issues:


So the command should look like

env WINEARCH=win32 DRI_PRIME=1 thread_submit=true wine program.exe

or on PlayOnLinux:

DRI_PRIME=1 thread_submit=true PlayOnLinux --run "filename"
(single program, you may create a shortcut for that matter)

or in the POL Console

POL_Config_Write BEFORE_WINE 'DRI_PRIME=1 thread_submit=true'
(affects all POL programs)

To uninstall PPAs

sudo apt-get install ppa-purge
sudo ppa-purge ppa:oibaf/graphics-drivers
sudo ppa-purge ppa:oibaf/gallium-nine
sudo ppa-purge ppa:commendsarnex/winedri3

Edit: Code modified to reflect version 1.9 for WINE. Thanks sarnex.

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7 Responses to Tutorial on Wine: Gallium 9, possibly doubling your framerate

  1. Eduard says:

    Tried it and for some reason apps would randomly render correctly or black (easy to test repeatedly executing glxgears). This issue disappeared after switching to Xrender in kde compositing. Still, when trying to use the Gallium Nine enabled wine the performance was really poor compared to regular wine with the propietary drivers. It may be because I have an Optimus laptop.

  2. @ Eduard
    The performance depends on what game you are playing on () as well as what card you have. Having an optimus laptop means you need to install the both the Nvidia and Intel open drivers and use a program like bumblebee or nvidia-prime to switch to the Nvidia card. Personally I use nvidia-prime as I prefer better control. I don’t want my Nvidia card to be lying in wait to start without my permission and I do play some games on the integrated card to save battery. There are fixes to solve rendering issues too, see updated post.

  3. Cfuzz says:

    You are entirely right it may be game-specific, I did my tests on Rift and I did use the nouveau driver, checking with glxinfo that the environment variable DRI_PRIME set to 1 did actually enable it. I will try your proposed solution for the rendering glitches and see how it performs switching back composition to opengl.
    Question: is it possible to enable the Nvidia card by default without having to set the DRI_PRIME variable each time for each app? Afaik I could only do that with the propietary driver and nvidia-prime.

  4. @Cfuzz

    Apologies, i forgot nvidia-prime and bumblebee only worked with the propriety drivers, the open source cards offer DRI_PRIME=1 as the only method of activating the Nvidia card which is extremely inelegant. The open source nouveau drivers are sub-par to the propriety drivers in most cases based on experience. Only limited number of games benefit from the set-up.

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